NIH-supported research suggests sleep patterns to support optimal health can begin in infancy Infants who sleep longer through the night and with fewer interruptions may be less likely to become overweight during their first six months of life, according to a study published in the journal SLEEP . While the research only showed a link – not a cause...
After studying biomarkers and stool samples in children who had multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) or COVID-19, researchers identified a pathway involved in gut permeability that may prolong COVID-19 illness and respond to a therapy that’s being tested for celiac disease.
Airway cells from patients with chronic lung diseases are “primed” for infection by coronavirus, resulting in more severe symptoms, poorer outcomes, and a greater likelihood of death, according to a study published in Nature Communications.
Among a study of 11,000 adults in Texas, those who met national recommendations for twice-a-week resistance training workouts were less likely to be obese years later. The biggest benefits came from adults who did both aerobic exercise and muscle-strengthening workouts.
After reviewing data from more than 24,000 adults, researchers found heart failure was uncommon among adults younger than age 55, but risk factors like smoking and high blood pressure were associated with greater age-adjusted risks compared to adults ages 75 and older.
Among 127 patients with atrial fibrillation who identified as a racial or ethnic minority, those who had a corrective heart rhythm procedure experienced fewer adverse outcomes, such as hospitalization, compared to those who received drug therapy.
After reviewing health information from more than 6,000 adults ages 65 and older, researchers found an association between disrupted sleep patterns and increased risks for developing dementia or dying over an eight-year period.
A sub-study of the international REPRIEVE clinical trial found that approximately half of study participants, who were considered by traditional measures to be at low-to-moderate risk of future heart disease, had atherosclerotic plaque in their arteries.
Researchers at Michigan Medicine tested the accuracy of a common tool doctors use to predict sepsis among hospitalized patients. Differences in how the developer and physicians defined sepsis resulted in variations in detection rates.
The number of deaths from cardiovascular disease increased in 2020, but disproportionately affected Black, Hispanic, and Asian adults. The study authors note public health messaging, programs, and policies could address pandemic-related cardiovascular disease risks.